The goal of treating Barrett's esophagus is to either prevent cancer from developing or detect it early and intervene. Treatment depends on its level of "dysplasia," or precancerous changes to tissue.
If no dysplasia is identified, your doctor will likely recommend regular screening tests (e.g., endoscopies) as per guidelines. Any adjustments to your GERD treatment plan might also include changes to medication, diet, or even surgery.
Low-Grade Dysplasia: Your doctor will likely advise follow-up screenings every six months, with additional tests every six to 12 months if necessary. In extreme cases, procedures to remove affected cells might also be considered.
High-Grade Dysplasia: At this early stage of cancer development, treatment may be required to clear away abnormal cells. Options available to you could include endoscopic resection, cryotherapy (freezing cells), photodynamic therapy (using light to destroy cells) or surgery as effective approaches.